The skin is the largest, most protective organ in the human body, and taking care of it is a major part of managing our overall physical health. Otherwise, we not only run the risk of prematurely aging, but we also become more susceptible to things like infections and diseases. But with thousands of skin care products lining the store shelves, with millions of different ingredients, knowing which ones will work best for you can be an uphill climb. This is why educating yourself on some of the main ingredients in effective skin care products can help you find the most promising contenders.
Alpha-hydroxy acids, or AHAs, are commonly used in skin care products to remove dead cells from the skin’s surface and maintain its healthy glow. The two primary AHAs, lactic acid and glycolic acid, work by breaking down the sticky oils that hold these dead cells together, making it easier to remove. It’s for this reason that they’re most dominantly used in exfoliators to provide a brightening effect.
Retinoids, on the other hand, are meant to help improve the condition of those suffering from acne, fine lines, and hyperpigmentation. This makes them a highly effective ingredient in anti-aging serums and acne treatments. However, it’s important to note that some types of retinoids can be particularly harsh on sensitive skin. Should you experience any redness, sensitivity, or burning sensations when using them, it’s best to consult a doctor to find an alternative.
If you’re looking for a new moisturizer to reliably hydrate your skin, it’s crucial that the product you choose contains hyaluronic acid. The primary use for this molecule is to hydrate your skin by attracting and trapping water beneath its surface. This makes your skin more durable while also helping to fight other blemishes such as fine lines, wrinkles, and sunspots. In fact, because of its diverse benefits, it’s an active ingredient in most effective skincare products.
Another essential component in any successful skin care routine is a strong antioxidant that helps repair past skin damage and protect against future trauma. Alpha-lipoic acid is one substance that’s particularly useful in strengthening the skin so that it can heal while also reversing some initial signs of aging. It’s also incredibly soluble in both water and oil, making it quick to take effect and long-lasting on the skin.
If you have any additional questions about the mentioned substances, consider consulting your dermatologist. They can help you best determine which ingredients would be most effective on your skin type and what products they would recommend.